Is it better to glue or float bamboo flooring

For bamboo flooring, floating installation is generally considered better than gluing. Floating allows for easier installation, and flexibility, and is suitable for DIY projects. Gluing is an option for more stable and permanent installations but may be challenging for non-professionals. Ultimately, the choice depends on factors like skill level, project goals, and the specific characteristics of the bamboo flooring.

On a bamboo flooring project, one crucial decision you’ll face is whether to glue or float the installation. Each method comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and understanding these factors will help you make an informed choice based on your specific needs and circumstances.

Gluing Bamboo Flooring


  1. Stability and Permanence: Gluing bamboo flooring is synonymous with creating a foundation of enduring stability. The adhesive bonds the bamboo planks securely to the subfloor, ensuring a steadfast installation that withstands the test of time. This method is particularly advantageous in areas with high foot traffic or heavy furniture, where the integrity of the flooring is paramount.
  2. Reduced Risk of Movement: The meticulous application of adhesive in gluing minimizes the risk of movement or shifting over the years. This is crucial in maintaining a seamless and visually appealing surface, as well as preventing gaps or unevenness that may occur with other installation methods.


  1. Challenging for DIY Projects: The precision required in gluing bamboo flooring makes it a challenging option for DIY enthusiasts. Achieving the perfect adhesive application demands a level of skill and experience that professionals bring to the table. For those without extensive installation knowledge, seeking professional assistance is often recommended for optimal results.
  2. Limited Flexibility: While gluing provides unparalleled stability, it comes at the cost of flexibility. Once the bamboo planks are securely glued down, the floor becomes less adaptable to changes. This limits the potential for future alterations or modifications, making it a choice that demands careful consideration of long-term needs.

Installing glue-down bamboo flooring

Installing glue-down bamboo flooring is a precise process that, when done correctly, results in a durable and long-lasting floor. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you navigate through the installation:

Materials and Tools You’ll Need:

  1. Bamboo Flooring: Choose high-quality bamboo flooring that suits your aesthetic preferences and meets the specifications for glue-down installation.
  2. Adhesive: Use a recommended bamboo flooring adhesive suitable for your specific flooring type and subfloor material.
  3. Trowel: Select the appropriate trowel size recommended by the adhesive manufacturer.
  4. Moisture Barrier (if needed): Install a moisture barrier if your subfloor requires additional protection against moisture.
  5. Carpenter’s Square, Tape Measure, and Pencil: Essential for accurate measurements and straight cuts.
  6. Rubber Mallet and Pull Bar: These tools will assist in securing the bamboo planks together.
  7. Safety Gear: Wear safety glasses and knee pads for protection during the installation.

Step 1: Prepare the Subfloor

Before beginning the installation, ensure that the subfloor is clean, dry, and level. Remove any debris, dust, or imperfections that could affect the bonding of the bamboo flooring. If your subfloor is concrete, check for moisture using a moisture meter. If excessive moisture is present, address the issue before proceeding to prevent future problems such as warping.

Step 2: Acclimate the Bamboo Flooring

Allow the bamboo flooring to acclimate to the room for at least 72 hours. This crucial step ensures that the bamboo planks adjust to the temperature and humidity of the space, minimizing the risk of expansion or contraction after installation. Stack the planks loosely in the room, providing proper airflow around each plank.

Step 3: Plan the Layout

Before installing, plan the layout of the bamboo planks. Consider the orientation and arrangement that complements the room. Use a carpenter’s square to mark reference lines on the subfloor, guiding the installation process and ensuring a straight and visually appealing result.

Step 4: Install the Moisture Barrier (if needed)

If your subfloor requires additional protection against moisture, install a moisture barrier according to the manufacturer’s instructions. This barrier helps prevent moisture from reaching the bamboo flooring, safeguarding it against potential damage.

Step 5: Apply Adhesive

Starting in a corner of the room, spread the adhesive using the recommended trowel size provided by the adhesive manufacturer. Work in small sections to ensure that the adhesive remains tacky when placing the bamboo planks. Be sure to follow the specific guidelines for the particular adhesive you are using.

Step 6: Place the First Row

Begin laying the bamboo planks along the reference lines with the grooved side facing the wall. Leave a 1/2-inch expansion gap along all walls, using spacers to maintain the gap. This gap allows the bamboo flooring to expand and contract with changes in humidity.

Step 7: Install Subsequent Rows

Continue installing rows of bamboo planks, ensuring a tight fit between each plank. Use a rubber mallet and pull bar to connect the tongue and groove of each plank securely. Stagger the seams of the planks for a more natural and aesthetically pleasing appearance.

Step 8: Cut Planks as Needed

Measure and cut planks as needed to fit around obstacles such as doorways and vents. Maintain the 1/2-inch expansion gap along walls. Use a circular saw or handsaw for precise cuts, and ensure the cut edges face the wall for a clean finish.

Step 9: Secure the Last Row

If necessary, rip the last row of planks to fit, ensuring it maintains the required expansion gap. Use a pry bar and rubber mallet to secure the final row in place, making sure it fits snugly against the wall.

Step 10: Clean Up

Remove any excess adhesive immediately with a damp cloth. Clean the bamboo flooring to ensure a polished appearance. Check for any visible imperfections or gaps, addressing them promptly to maintain the integrity of the installation.

Step 11: Allow for Cure Time

Follow the adhesive manufacturer’s recommendations for cure time before allowing foot traffic or placing furniture on the newly installed bamboo floor. This ensures that the adhesive fully sets, providing a secure and durable bond between the bamboo flooring and the subfloor.

Tips and Warnings:

  • Read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for both the bamboo flooring and adhesive.
  • Work in well-ventilated areas when using adhesives.
  • Take safety precautions and wear appropriate gear during the installation process.
  • Double-check your measurements and cuts to ensure a precise fit.
  • Regularly clean tools and equipment during the installation process to prevent adhesive buildup and ensure optimal performance.

Floating Bamboo Flooring

Floating bamboo flooring is a popular installation method known for its simplicity, versatility, and DIY-friendly nature. Unlike the glue-down method, floating floors do not require adhesives or nails to attach the planks to the subfloor. Instead, the planks interlock through a click-and-lock mechanism, creating a “floating” floor. This installation approach is suitable for a variety of settings and offers several advantages.


  1. Ease of Installation: Floating bamboo flooring is renowned for its user-friendly installation process. The planks are designed with interlocking mechanisms that allow them to seamlessly fit together. This simplicity makes it an attractive option for DIY enthusiasts, reducing the need for professional assistance.
  2. DIY-Friendly: The simplicity of the click-and-lock system makes floating installations more forgiving for those without professional experience. Homeowners can take on the project independently, saving on labor costs. This accessibility has contributed to the widespread popularity of floating bamboo flooring.
  3. Flexibility and Versatility: Floating floors are designed to accommodate slight movements, allowing them to expand and contract with changes in temperature and humidity. This flexibility makes them suitable for various environments, including spaces where minor fluctuations are expected. It also contributes to the ease of handling subfloor imperfections during installation.


  1. Potential for Slight Movement: While the flexibility of floating bamboo flooring is an advantage in many situations, it can result in minor gaps over time. Although advancements in locking mechanisms and underlayment materials have minimized this issue, it’s essential to be aware of the potential for slight movement in floating floors.
  2. Less Permanent Compared to Gluing: Floating installations are not as permanent as glued ones. While this flexibility allows for easier changes and adjustments to the flooring, it comes at the cost of some long-term stability. For areas with extremely heavy furniture or constant foot traffic, glued installations may be more suitable.

Floating Bamboo Flooring Installation Steps:

1. Acclimate the Bamboo Flooring: As with gluing, allow the bamboo flooring to acclimate to the room for at least 72 hours. This acclimation period allows the planks to adjust to the temperature and humidity of the space, minimizing the risk of expansion or contraction after installation.

2. Prepare the Subfloor: Ensure that the subfloor is clean, dry, and level. Remove any debris, dust, or imperfections. Floating floors are forgiving when it comes to minor subfloor irregularities, but a smooth surface enhances the overall result.

3. Install Underlayment: Lay down a suitable underlayment material over the subfloor. This layer provides additional cushioning, moisture protection, and sound insulation. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for the specific underlayment material you choose.

4. Plan the Layout: Plan the layout of the bamboo planks, considering the orientation and arrangement that complements the room. Use a carpenter’s square to mark reference lines on the underlayment, guiding the installation process.

5. Install the First Row: Begin installing the first row of bamboo planks, ensuring the grooved sides face the walls. Use spacers along the walls to maintain the required expansion gap. Connect the planks by engaging the click-and-lock mechanisms.

6. Continue Installing Rows: Continue installing subsequent rows, connecting the planks with the click-and-lock system. Stagger the seams for a natural appearance and a stable overall structure.

7. Cut Planks as Needed: Measure and cut planks as needed to fit around obstacles. Maintain the expansion gap along walls and use a saw appropriate for bamboo flooring to ensure precise cuts.

8. Secure the Last Row: Secure the last row of planks, ensuring it fits snugly against the walls. Use spacers as needed and a pry bar to position the planks securely.

9. Clean Up: Clean the bamboo flooring to remove any debris or dust. Check for visible imperfections or gaps, addressing them promptly to ensure a polished and aesthetically pleasing result.

10. Allow for Cure Time: While floating installations do not involve adhesives, it’s advisable to allow the bamboo flooring to settle for a short period before placing heavy furniture or allowing regular foot traffic.

Tips and Warnings:

  • Read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for both the bamboo flooring and underlayment.
  • Double-check your measurements and cuts to ensure a precise fit.
  • Take safety precautions and wear appropriate gear during the installation process.
  • Consider using a vapor barrier if installing over a concrete subfloor to prevent moisture issues.
  • When transitioning to other flooring materials, use transition strips to create a seamless and finished look.

Floating bamboo flooring provides a versatile and accessible option for homeowners looking for a DIY-friendly installation method with flexibility and ease of maintenance. Understanding the advantages, disadvantages, and proper installation steps will help you achieve a beautiful and resilient floating bamboo floor in your space.

Factors Influencing the Choice

A. Skill Level and Experience

Your level of expertise and experience in flooring installation will play a significant role in determining whether to opt for gluing or floating. If you’re a seasoned professional, gluing may be a viable choice. For DIY enthusiasts, floating installation might be the more accessible option.

B. Project Goals and Timeline

Consider the purpose of the space and your project timeline. If you need a quick and easy installation, floating is likely the better choice. However, if long-term stability is a priority, gluing may be more suitable.

C. Specific Characteristics of Bamboo Flooring

Bamboo flooring varies in thickness, density, and construction. Understanding the specific characteristics of your chosen bamboo flooring will help determine which installation method is recommended by manufacturers and experts.

D. Budget Considerations

Evaluate your budget for the project, considering both the cost of materials and potential labor expenses. While gluing may require professional assistance, floating installations can often be done independently, reducing overall costs.


In conclusion, the decision to glue or float your bamboo flooring depends on a variety of factors. Both methods have their merits and drawbacks, and the right choice for you will ultimately depend on your specific needs and preferences. Whether you prioritize stability, ease of installation, or cost-effectiveness, taking the time to weigh these factors will ensure a successful and satisfying bamboo flooring project. If in doubt, consulting with flooring professionals can provide valuable insights tailored to your unique circumstances.