What are The Different Types of Bamboo Flooring

The different types of bamboo flooring include solid bamboo, engineered bamboo, and strand-woven bamboo. Solid bamboo consists of solid bamboo strips, while engineered bamboo has a plywood core for added stability. Strand-woven bamboo is made by compressing bamboo fibers with resin, resulting in a durable and dense material.

Solid Bamboo

Solid bamboo flooring is a type of flooring made from bamboo stalks that have been harvested, processed, and compressed into solid planks. Unlike engineered bamboo flooring, which consists of a bamboo veneer layered over a plywood base, solid bamboo flooring is made entirely from bamboo material.

To create solid bamboo flooring, bamboo stalks are cut into strips, boiled to remove sugars and starches, dried, and then laminated together under high pressure to form solid planks. The planks are then milled to create tongue-and-groove edges for easy installation.

Solid bamboo flooring is known for its durability, hardness, and sustainability. Bamboo is a fast-growing grass that can be harvested in as little as three to five years, making it a renewable resource.

Horizontal & Vertical Bamboo

Horizontal bamboo refers to a type of bamboo flooring where the bamboo strips are arranged horizontally before being laminated together to form the flooring planks. In horizontal bamboo flooring, the individual bamboo strips are laid flat and stacked on top of each other, with the wider, flat side facing upward.

This arrangement creates a distinctive look characterized by prominent nodes and grain patterns, which give the flooring a more traditional, rustic appearance. The nodes, or joints, where the bamboo stalks were segmented, are visible on the surface of the flooring, adding to its natural aesthetic.

Horizontal bamboo flooring typically showcases a broader grain pattern compared to vertical bamboo flooring, where the strips are arranged vertically and the narrow edges of the strips are visible on the surface.

Vertical bamboo refers to a type of bamboo flooring where the bamboo strips are arranged vertically before being laminated together to form the flooring planks. In vertical bamboo flooring, the individual bamboo strips are oriented so that the narrow edges of the strips are visible on the surface, with the wider, flat sides facing inward.

This arrangement creates a distinctive grain pattern characterized by narrow, uniform lines running along the length of the flooring planks. Compared to horizontal bamboo flooring, vertical bamboo flooring typically has a smoother, more uniform appearance, with fewer visible nodes or joints.

Engineered Bamboo

Engineered bamboo flooring is a type of flooring that combines a thin layer of bamboo veneer with layers of other materials, typically plywood or high-density fiberboard (HDF). Unlike solid bamboo flooring, which is made entirely from bamboo material, engineered bamboo flooring features a layered construction.

The top layer, or veneer, is made from thin strips of bamboo that are bonded together and then attached to the surface of the engineered flooring. This bamboo veneer gives engineered bamboo flooring its natural appearance, with visible grain patterns and nodes similar to solid bamboo flooring.

Beneath the bamboo veneer, engineered bamboo flooring typically consists of multiple layers of plywood or HDF that are stacked and glued together. These layers provide stability and support to the flooring, helping to prevent warping, shrinking, or expanding due to changes in humidity and temperature.

Strand-Woven Bamboo

Strand woven bamboo is a type of bamboo flooring that is known for its exceptional strength, durability, and unique appearance. It is made by shredding bamboo fibers into strands, which are then compressed under high heat and pressure using an adhesive resin to form solid blocks or planks.

The process of stand weaving involves weaving together these bamboo strands in a crisscross pattern, creating a dense, interlocking structure. After weaving, the bamboo is subjected to high-pressure compression, which further strengthens the material and increases its density.

Profile types

Bamboo flooring, like other types of wood flooring, often comes with different profile types. The profile refers to the shape of the edges and ends of the flooring planks, which can affect the appearance and installation method. Here are some common profile types for bamboo flooring:

  1. Square Edge: In square edge bamboo flooring, the edges of the planks are cut straight, creating a clean and uniform look where the edges meet. This type of profile provides a seamless appearance when the planks are installed side by side, with minimal visible gaps between them. Square-edge bamboo flooring is typically installed with a glue-down or nail-down method.
  2. Micro-Bevel Edge: Micro-bevel edge bamboo flooring features a slight bevel along the edges of the planks, creating a subtle groove between each plank when installed. This bevel helps to define the individual planks and adds depth to the flooring’s appearance while still maintaining a relatively smooth surface. Micro-bevel edge bamboo flooring is often installed with a floating or glue-down method.
  3. Eased Edge: Eased edge bamboo flooring, also known as eased edge or eased edge bevel, has a slightly rounded edge along the length of the planks. This profile creates a softer, more natural look compared to square edge flooring, with a gentle transition between the planks. Eased-edge bamboo flooring is suitable for various installation methods, including floating, glue-down, and nail-down.
  4. Hand-Scraped or Distressed Edge: Hand-scraped or distressed edge bamboo flooring features deliberate texturing or distressing along the edges of the planks, mimicking the natural wear and tear of aged wood.

Janka rating

Solid bamboo flooring can vary in hardness depending on factors such as the species of bamboo used and its manufacturing process. On average, solid bamboo flooring can have a Janka hardness rating ranging from approximately 1,300 to 1,700 pounds-force (lbf).

Strand woven bamboo flooring is known for its exceptional hardness and durability. It typically has a higher Janka hardness rating compared to solid bamboo flooring, ranging from approximately 3,000 to 5,000 lbf or even higher in some cases. This makes it one of the hardest flooring materials available.

Engineered bamboo flooring may have a slightly lower Janka hardness rating compared to solid bamboo flooring, depending on the specific construction and materials used. On average, engineered bamboo flooring may have a Janka hardness rating ranging from approximately 1,000 to 2,000 pounds-force (lbf). However, engineered bamboo flooring can still provide excellent durability and resistance to wear.

Bamboo Finishes

Bamboo flooring is available with various finishes that enhance its appearance, durability, and resistance to wear and tear. Here are some common finishes used in bamboo flooring:

Polyurethane Finish: Polyurethane finishes are popular for bamboo flooring due to their durability and resistance to scratches, stains, and moisture. These finishes create a protective layer over the surface of the bamboo, helping to prolong its lifespan and maintain its appearance over time. Polyurethane finishes are available in different sheen levels, including matte, satin, semi-gloss, and high-gloss.

Aluminum Oxide Finish: Aluminum oxide finishes are known for their exceptional durability and abrasion resistance. These finishes consist of tiny aluminum oxide particles suspended in a clear coating, creating a hard and scratch-resistant surface that can withstand heavy foot traffic and everyday wear. Aluminum oxide finishes are commonly used in prefinished bamboo flooring products.

Oil Finish: Oil finishes penetrate the bamboo fibers to enhance their natural color and grain while providing protection against moisture and stains. Oil finishes create a matte or satin sheen and can give bamboo flooring a warm, natural look and feel. While oil finishes may require periodic reapplication to maintain their protective properties, they offer the advantage of easy spot repairs and touch-ups.

Water-Based Finish: Water-based finishes are environmentally friendly and low in volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These finishes dry quickly and have a clear, non-yellowing appearance that preserves the natural color of the bamboo. Water-based finishes provide excellent durability and resistance to scratches and stains while allowing for easy cleanup and maintenance.

UV-Cured Finish: UV-cured finishes are applied to bamboo flooring using ultraviolet (UV) light, resulting in a fast and efficient curing process. These finishes provide exceptional durability and resistance to fading, scratches, and stains. UV-cured finishes are commonly used in prefinished bamboo flooring products and offer long-lasting protection against wear and tear.

Benefits of bamboo flooring

Bamboo flooring offers several benefits, making it a popular choice for homeowners and designers alike. Here are some of the key benefits of bamboo flooring:

Environmentally Friendly

Bamboo is a fast-growing grass that matures much more quickly than hardwood trees, making it a highly renewable resource. Bamboo can be harvested every three to five years without the need for replanting, making bamboo flooring an eco-friendly choice for environmentally conscious consumers.


Bamboo flooring is known for its durability and strength. Strand woven bamboo flooring, in particular, is exceptionally hard and resistant to dents, scratches, and wear. This makes bamboo flooring suitable for high-traffic areas in both residential and commercial settings.

Variety of Styles

Bamboo flooring comes in a wide range of styles, colors, and finishes to suit different design preferences and interior aesthetics. Whether you prefer a sleek and modern look or a rustic and natural feel, there is a bamboo flooring option available to complement your space.

Easy Maintenance

Bamboo flooring is relatively easy to maintain, requiring regular sweeping or vacuuming to remove dirt and debris and occasional mopping with a damp cloth or hardwood floor cleaner. With proper care, bamboo flooring can retain its beauty and durability for many years.

Moisture Resistance

Bamboo flooring is naturally more resistant to moisture than hardwood, making it suitable for installation in areas prone to moisture, such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements. However, it’s essential to follow manufacturer recommendations and properly acclimate the flooring before installation to minimize the risk of warping or cupping.


Bamboo flooring is hypoallergenic, making it an ideal choice for individuals with allergies or respiratory sensitivities. Unlike carpeting, which can harbor dust mites, pet dander, and other allergens, bamboo flooring provides a smooth and easy-to-clean surface that helps promote better indoor air quality.


Bamboo flooring is often more affordable than traditional hardwood flooring options, making it a cost-effective choice for budget-conscious homeowners. Additionally, bamboo flooring can add value to your home and enhance its resale potential.

Underfloor Heating Compatibility

Bamboo flooring is generally compatible with underfloor heating systems, including electric and hydronic (water-based) systems. However, it’s crucial to check with the manufacturer and ensure that the specific bamboo flooring product you choose is suitable for use with underfloor heating. Additionally, proper installation and temperature regulation are essential to prevent damage to the flooring and ensure optimal performance.

Waste Reduction

Bamboo flooring is considered a sustainable and eco-friendly flooring option due to bamboo’s rapid growth and renewable nature. Bamboo plants reach maturity in just a few years, compared to the decades required for hardwood trees to grow. Additionally, bamboo can be harvested without killing the plant, as it regenerates from its root system. This renewable harvesting process contributes to waste reduction by minimizing the need for deforestation and promoting responsible resource management.

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